Multilingual classrooms in India are something we do not have to create but rather a natural outcome of being in an Indian Setting. India is a Multilingual, Multicultural nation and a member of the global platform. Also, as our schools are microcosms of society, preschools, high schools and other educational institutions reflect society and its nature. So, considering the case of India, we have an edge over other nations due to the multilingual nature of society.
There is a great debate and people stand divided on the topic, however, we have to agree and acknowledge the various significant advantages of multilingual education. Having Multicultural classrooms help students develop respect and appreciation for diversity from early on in their lives. Many researchers, theorists, and educationists want to try to understand ‘What are the top benefits of multilingual education? ‘To list a few, we have the entire article on the same.
There are even other numerous benefits of having multilingual education in India. To list here are a few of them listed below:
- Enhanced cognitive skills- Speaking several languages helps improve one’s cognitive capacity. Children who speak more than one language possess stronger cognitive abilities, enabling them to succeed academically and financially more than their monolingual peers. Those who speak multiple languages have an advantage over monolinguals in this area.
- Increased Opportunities and life chances and Greater demand in the professional sphere
Multilingual individuals are in greater demand than monolingual speakers because their familiarity with various cultures and languages allows them to become effective communicators. As the world has become smaller and more interconnected, career opportunities have increased for those who can speak more than one language. It also develops greater Linguistic exposure and skill development.
- Early exposure to diversity and cultivating the value of respect and diversity with students- Multilingualism provides an opportunity to learn from differences rather than being afraid of them. Education about various cultures and races promotes diversity, giving individuals more power and self-confidence. When people view the bigger picture, they have a better understanding of where they fit into society. Children and individuals who learn and speak multiple languages acquire an understanding of other cultures as well as an inherent acceptance of cultural diversity.
- More Inclusivity and Respect amongst society members-As discussed, Multilingualism promotes inclusivity in the setting and in turn reinforces respect amongst all for all languages and cultures.
- Improved cognitive flexibilities and More Vocabulary and an array of reality -Rather than using one language, if students have more languages known, better their cognitive flexibility, they can employ all vocabulary to create/understand the best. Many skills of decision-makingand problem-solving are unlocked due to multilingualism.
- Better Cultural knowledge- As children of various backgrounds and multilingualism are present, more culturally abundant and rich are the classrooms.
Multilingualism is a great classroom resource. Classes, where students of vastly diverse backgrounds are present and respected, are richer in terms of knowledge and child development.
Multilingualism NEP 2020- As research clearly shows that children pick up languages extremely quickly between the ages of 2 and 8 and that multilingualism has great cognitive benefits for young students, children will be exposed to languages early on (but with a particular emphasis on the mother tongue), starting from the Foundational Stage onwards. All languages will be taught in an enjoyable and interactive style, with plenty of interactive conversation, and with plenty of early reading and subsequently writing in the mother tongue in the early years – with skills developed for reading and writing in the other two languages in Grade 3 and beyond.For more details visit at the Top 5 Kindergarten In India